青曼苗寨简介

时间:2014-06-23 阅读:

  


 

  青曼苗寨位于中国贵州省黔东南州凯里市舟溪镇曼洞村,座落在长岭岗山脉中段,是典型的“天然屏障”。寨子依山而建,吊脚木楼,层层叠叠,梯形瓦顶,重檐交错,有条不紊,蔚为壮观。情郎河流经乡境,注入丹寨南皋河;距凯里市中心25公里,凯丹县道公路和凯羊高速穿越乡境。地理坐标为东经107°88′31″,北纬26°45′21″,海拔最高1274.5米,最低860米。全寨辖4个自然寨5个村民小组,520户,2099人,主要居住苗族和仫佬族,其中苗族人口占96%;这里自然风光优美,历史文化悠久,民族风情浓郁,是苗族文化与农耕文明有机融合的典型天然博物馆。

  青曼苗寨建寨于明永乐年间,至今已有600多年,苗族祖先迁徙到这里后,他们世世代代在征服自然和改造自然的过程中,创造了自己古朴典雅、别具特色的文化。这里的苗族属于短裙黑苗,妇女着短裙,盘发髻,最为奇特的是呈倒“S”形的妇女头式,与唐朝妇女的发式十分相似。

  这里仍保留着古老的纺织、刺绣、染布等精湛的民族手工艺,其中这里的“苗族织锦技艺”被列为国家级非物质文化遗产保护名录;精美绝伦的刺绣为青曼赢得“苗族刺绣之乡”的美誉,日本友人韭琢先生在这里捐资修建有曼洞苗族刺绣楼。

  这里有多姿多彩的民族节庆,春节芦笙会、七月吃新节、爬坡节、十月祭尤节等,以春节芦笙会最为隆重,举办有吹跳芦笙、跳铜鼓、苗歌对唱、斗牛、斗鸡、斗鸟等既精彩又富有民族特色的活动。民族舞蹈有芦笙舞、铜鼓舞、板凳舞等;民间乐器有芦笙、铜鼓、唢呐、夜箫、木叶等。口头文学有古歌“贾”及酒歌、丧歌、情歌、传说、故事等丰富多彩。在民间文学艺术的熏陶下,哺育出著名苗族作家伍略等文学艺术工作者。

  在建筑上,房屋建筑主要有“吞口式”平房和吊脚楼房两种,以吞口式平房为多。饮食上,有酸汤鱼、灰菜、血豆腐、腊肉、血灌肠、米酒等。

  青曼的古迹胜景有古营盘遗址、踩蕨堂、红旗坪、倒天泉、凉风洞等。

  青曼苗寨自1984年第一批被贵州省命名为乡村旅游村寨以来,已成为了贵州东线旅游的重要景点,接待了来自中外不可数计的游客,特别是对美国和日本的游客尤其具有吸引力。前国家主席胡锦涛、前比利时劳动党代表团团长博杜安.戴克尔、著名影视明星李雪健、歌唱家蒋大为、关牧村等众多的各界人士都到过青曼苗寨调研指导和旅游观光。

  在青曼苗寨的旅游线路上,还可以看到石青苗族农民画展,新光芦笙制作工艺和舟溪甘囊香芦笙堂以及石桥传统造纸工艺遗址。

  朋友,当你累了,闷了,闲了,就请你到青曼苗寨来吧!

  

 

  青曼苗寨欢迎你

 

Qingman Miao Village is located in Mandong Village, Zhouxi Town, Kaili City, Qiandongnan Prefecture, Guizhou Province, in the middle section of Changlinggang Mountains, serving as a typical “natural barrier”. The village is built against hills, with stilted buildings tier upon tier characterized by trapezoidal roofs and staggered eaves, orderly but spectacular. The Qinglang River runs through the village and flows to Danzhai Nangao River. The village is 25 km away from the downtown of Kaili City, and accommodates Kaidan county road and Kaiyang Highway throughout. Its geographic coordinates are E107°88′31″ and N26°45′21″, with the maximum and minimum elevation being 1274.5 m and 860 m respectively. The whole village administers four natural villages and five village groups, with 365 households. The total population is 1618, mainly composed of Miao people and Mulao people, of which the Miao people account for 96%. The village boasts wonderful natural scenery, long-standing historical culture and rich ethnic customs, making it a typical natural museum which organically integrates Miao culture and farming civilization.
Qingman Miao Village was established in the period of Yongle of the Ming Dynasty, with a history of more than 600 years till now. After the ancestors of Miao people migrated here, they created the simple, elegant and unique culture of their own in the process of conquering and transforming the nature. The Miao people in this area are known as short-skirt black Miao. The women wear short skirts and make a bun on head. The strangest is the inverted “S-shape” hairstyle for Miao women, which highly resembles that of the women in the Tang Dynasty.
The area retains a lot of exquisite ethnic arts and crafts, such as spinning, embroidery, dyeing, etc. The “Miao Brocade Technique” is listed into the protection list of national intangible cultural heritage; the exquisite embroidery wins a reputation for Qingman as the “Land of Miao Embroidery”. Jiuzhuo, a Japanese friend, once donated to build the Mandong Miao Embroidery House here.
Colorful ethnic festivals are frequently seen here, such as Lusheng Gathering in Spring Festival, First Harvest of the Year in July, Climbing Festival, Jiyou Festival, etc. Among them, the Lusheng Gathering in Spring Festival is the grandest one. In the festival, people organize fantastic ethnic activities like playing Lusheng (reed-pipe wind instrument), dance with bronze drum, antiphonal singing of Miao songs, bull fighting, cock fighting, bird fighting, etc. Ethnic dances include Lusheng dance, bronze drum dance, bench dance, etc. The folk musical instruments include Lusheng, bronze drum, suona, yexiao (a vertical bamboo flute), leaf, etc. The oral literature is featured by ancient folk song “Jia”, drinking songs, funeral songs, love songs, legends, stories, etc., rich and colorful. Under the influence of folklore, a group of literary and art workers are cultivated, including famous Miao writer Wu Lue.
As to architecture, the building is divided into two main types: “swallowing form” bungalow and stilted building, of which the former accounts for a higher proportion. For diet, there are fish in sour soup, chenopodium album, blood tofu, preserved meat, blood sausage and rice wine and so on.
The historical sites and sceneries in Qingman include Guyingpan Ruins, Caijue Hall, Hongqi Flat, Daotian Spring, Liangfeng Cave, etc.
As one of the first batch named as rural tourism village by Guizhou Province in 1984, Qingman Miao Village now has grown into an important tourist attraction in Eastern Guizhou. It has received numerous visitors home and abroad, and is particularly attractive for tourists from the U.S. and Japan. A lot of celebrities from all walks of life have visited the area for research and guidance or for tour and sightseeing, including Hu Jintao, the former president of PRC, Baudouin Decker, the former head of delegation of the Labor Party in Belgium, famous movie star Li Xuejian, famous singers Jiang Dawei and Guan Mucun, etc.
On the traveling route of Qingman Miao Village, tourists also have an opportunity to appreciate the peasant art exhibition organized by Shiqing Miao people as well as the ruins for Xinguang Lusheng production process, Zhouxi Gannangxiang Lusheng Hall and Shiqiao traditional paper-making technology.
Dear friends, when you are tired, bored or free, welcome to Qingman Miao Village!
 
青曼苗寨网站:http://www.qmmzw.com
青曼苗寨微博:黔东南原生态旅游名村——青曼苗寨
青曼苗寨微信:QMMZ643252249
青曼苗寨QQ:643252249(青曼老乡加入)
青曼苗寨博客:http://blog.sina.com.cn/u/5218293063
青曼苗寨欢迎你QQ群:64962332(游客加入)
曼洞村村委会邮箱:zxzmdcwh@136.com
曼洞村村委会联系人: 龙福金18385775747/13985822278
青曼苗寨发展联合会邮箱:qmmzfzlhh@163.com
青曼苗寨发展联合会联系人: 龙荣邵13638061515

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